Protect the athlete's body part from further injury by taping, bracing, splinting, or immobilizing.
Rest the injured area by discontinuing painful activity or exercise.
Ice the injured are with an ice bag or cold pack. Apply ice for 15 to 20 minutes every two hours. Continue this for 72 hours (three days), or until the swelling has diminished.
Compress the injured area with an elastic wrap from below the injured area towards the heart.
Elevate the injured area to a level above the heart.
Drinking plenty of fluids and ingesting extra salt will help the body and prevent heat illness. Eight, 8-ounce glasses of water daily is the best source. When sweating heavily, drink an electrolyte sports drink, and generously add salt to your food. Avoid fluids with high sugar content and carbonation.
Heat Cramps: First sign of heat illness
Heat Exhaustion: Profuse sweating, weakness, dizziness, confusion, fatigue, headache, excessive thirst, nausea, vomiting, and temperature less than 103
Heat Stroke: Hyperthermia, weak rapid pulse, confusion, delayed responses, irregular breathing patterns, and temperature greater than 105
Helpful Phone Numbers
This content is provided for information only and is not intended as medical advice. For advice about your specific medical condition, contact your physician.
Note: Physicians on the medical staff practice independently and are not employees or agents of the hospital.
Source: impacttest.com, American Academy of Neurology, SCAT
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